Every time a Redis Enterprise database (REDB) is created with the Redis Enterprise operator, a service is created that allows requests to be routed to that database. Redis Enterprise supports three types of services for accessing databases: ClusterIP, headless, or LoadBalancer.

By default, REDB creates a ClusterIP type service, which exposes a cluster-internal IP and can only be accessed from within the K8s cluster. For requests to be routed to the REDB from outside the K8s cluster, you need an ingress controller.

Redis Enterprise Software on Kubernetes supports two ingress controllers, HAProxy and NGINX.

Prerequisites

Redis Enterprise database (REDB)

Create a Redis Enterprise database with “TLS for all communication” enabled and “client authentication” disabled.

The YAML to create this REDB must include tlsMode: enabled as shown in this example:

apiVersion: app.redislabs.com/v1alpha1
kind: RedisEnterpriseDatabase
metadata:
 name: <your-db-name>
spec:
  tlsMode: enabled  
If you choose to use a previously created database:

If you are using an existing REDB that was created with a YAML file, you cannot make edits to that database in the Redis Enterprise UI. All changes need to be made in the YAML file.

If you are using an existing database that is managed from the UI, see Enable TLS for client connections for more information on these security settings.

Ingress controller

Install one of the supported ingress controllers:

Warning -
You’ll need to make sure ssl-passthrough is enabled. It’s enabled by default for HAProxy, but disabled by default for NGINX. See the NGINX User Guide for details.

Create ingress resource

  1. Retrieve the hostname of your ingress controller’s LoadBalancer service.

     $ kubectl get svc <haproxy-ingress | ingress-ngnix-controller> -n  <ingress-ctrl-namespace>
    

    Below is example output for an HAProxy ingress controller running on a K8s cluster hosted by AWS.

     NAME              TYPE           CLUSTER-IP    EXTERNAL-IP                                                              PORT(S)                      AGE
     haproxy-ingress   LoadBalancer   10.43.62.53   a56e24df8c6173b79a63d5da54fd9cff-676486416.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com   80:30610/TCP,443:31597/TCP   21m  
    
  2. Choose the hostname you will use to access your database (this value will be represented in this article with <my-db-hostname>).

  3. Create a DNS entry that resolves your chosen database hostname to the IP address for the ingress controller’s LoadBalancer.

  4. Create the ingress resource YAML file.

     apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1beta1
     kind: Ingress
     metadata:
       name: rec-ingress
       annotations:
         <controller-specific-annotations-below>
     spec:
       rules:
       - host: <my-db-hostname>
         http:
           paths:
           - path: /
             backend:
               serviceName: <db-name>
               servicePort: 443  
    

    For HAProxy, insert the following into the annotations section:

     kubernetes.io/ingress.class: haproxy
     haproxy.ingress.kubernetes.io/ssl-passthrough: "true"
    

    For NGINX, insert the following into the annotations section:

     kubernetes.io/ingress.class: nginx
     nginx.ingress.kubernetes.io/ssl-passthrough: "true"  
    

    The ssl-passthrough annotation is required to allow access to the database. The specific format changes depending on your ingress controller and any additional customizations. See NGINX Configuration annotations and HAProxy Ingress Options for updated annotation formats.

Test your external access

To test your external access to the database, you need a client that supports TLS and SNI.

Test your access with Openssl

  1. Get the default CA certificate from the redis-enterprise-node container on any of the Redis Enterprise pods.

     kubectl exec -it <pod-name> -c redis-enterprise-node -- cat /etc/opt/redislabs/proxy_cert.pem  
    
  2. Run the following openssl command, substituting your own values for <my-db-hostname>.

     openssl s_client \
     -connect <my-db-hostname>:443 \
     -crlf -CAfile ./proxy_cert.pem \
     -servername <my-db-hostname>  
    

    If you are connected to the database, you will receive PONG back, as shown below:

     ...
        Verify return code: 0 (ok)
     ---
    
     PING 
     +PONG  
    

Test your access with Python

You can use the code below to test your access with Python, substituting your own values for <my-db-hostname> and <file-path>.

import redis

r = redis.StrictRedis(host='<my-db-hostname>',
                port=443, db=0, ssl=True,
                ssl_ca_certs='/<file-path>/proxy_cert.pem')


print(r.info())  

Your output should look something like this:

/Users/example-user/Documents/Projects/test_client/venv3.7/bin/python /Users/example-user/Documents/Projects/test_client/test_ssl.py
{'redis_version': '5.0.5', 'redis_git_sha1': 0, 'redis_git_dirty': 0, 'redis_build_id': 0, 'redis_mode': 'standalone', 'os': 'Linux 4.14.154-128.181.amzn2.x86_64 x86_64', 'arch_bits': 64, 'multiplexing_api': 'epoll', 'gcc_version': '7.4.0', 'process_id': 1, 'run_id': '3ce7721b096517057d28791aab555ed8ac02e1de', 'tcp_port': 10811, 'uptime_in_seconds': 316467, 'uptime_in_days': 3, 'hz': 10, 'lru_clock': 0, 'config_file': '', 'connected_clients': 1, 'client_longest_output_list': 0, 'client_biggest_input_buf': 0, 'blocked_clients': 0, 'used_memory': 12680016, 'used_memory_human': '12.9M', 'used_memory_rss': 12680016, 'used_memory_peak': 13452496, 'used_memory_peak_human': '12.82M', 'used_memory_lua': 151552, 'mem_fragmentation_ratio': 1, 'mem_allocator': 'jemalloc-5.1.0', 'loading': 0, 'rdb_changes_since_last_save': 0, 'rdb_bgsave_in_progress': 0, 'rdb_last_save_time': 1577753916, 'rdb_last_bgsave_status': 'ok', 'rdb_last_bgsave_time_sec': 0, 'rdb_current_bgsave_time_sec': -1, 'aof_enabled': 0, 'aof_rewrite_in_progress': 0, 'aof_rewrite_scheduled': 0, 'aof_last_rewrite_time_sec': -1, 'aof_current_rewrite_time_sec': -1, 'aof_last_bgrewrite_status': 'ok', 'aof_last_write_status': 'ok', 'total_connections_received': 4, 'total_commands_processed': 6, 'instantaneous_ops_per_sec': 14, 'total_net_input_bytes': 0, 'total_net_output_bytes': 0, 'instantaneous_input_kbps': 0.0, 'instantaneous_output_kbps': 0.0, 'rejected_connections': 0, 'sync_full': 1, 'sync_partial_ok': 0, 'sync_partial_err': 0, 'expired_keys': 0, 'evicted_keys': 0, 'keyspace_hits': 0, 'keyspace_misses': 0, 'pubsub_channels': 0, 'pubsub_patterns': 0, 'latest_fork_usec': 0, 'migrate_cached_sockets': 0, 'role': 'master', 'connected_slaves': 1, 'slave0': {'ip': '0.0.0.0', 'port': 0, 'state': 'online', 'offset': 0, 'lag': 0}, 'master_repl_offset': 0, 'repl_backlog_active': 0, 'repl_backlog_size': 1048576, 'repl_backlog_first_byte_offset': 0, 'repl_backlog_histlen': 0, 'used_cpu_sys': 0.0, 'used_cpu_user': 0.0, 'used_cpu_sys_children': 0.0, 'used_cpu_user_children': 0.0, 'cluster_enabled': 0}

Process finished with exit code 0